Human Rights Day 2019 – Everything You Need to Know
Human Rights Day – Introduction
Human Rights Day is celebrated globally every year on 10th of December. The First announcement of Human Rights Day celebration took place in 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly on the 10th of December. Every year on 10th of December, Human rights Day is celebrated to honour the decision of United Nations General Assembly for declaring Human Rights globally. Officially, Human rights day was established on 4th of December 1950 in the meeting of United Nations General Assembly.
Human Rights Day – Theme
This year, the theme for Human rights day is “The Year of Indigenous Languages: Promoting and Deepening a Human Rights Culture”. The Theme of indigenous Languages was chosen because The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has set a new world record of being the most translated text. The United Nations Human Rights office received a certificate from the Guinness Book of Records stating that the Declaration has been translated into 370 languages
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Human Rights Day – The Challenges
Human poverty is the greatest human rights challenge faced by any country. One of the major goals of commemorating the human rights day is to eradicate poverty from the life of human being and help them in getting the well being life that everyone deserves. This is actually the whole point of Human Rights, everyone deserves a life peacefully lived. Various other programs including music, drama, dance, fine art and etc are held focusing to help people to learn their rights and enlighten them with the Human Rights they deserve.
What are Human Rights?
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more. Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination. The above is mentioned by the United Nations Official Website.
What is International Human Rights?
International human rights law lays down the obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups. The foundations of this body of law are the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the General Assembly in 1945 and 1948, respectively. Since then, the United Nations has gradually expanded human rights law to encompass specific standards for women, children, and persons with disabilities, minorities and other vulnerable groups, who now possess rights that protect them from discrimination that had long been common in many societies.
The UDHR, together with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols (on the complaints procedure and on the death penalty) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol, form the so-called International Bill of Human Rights.
Economic, social and cultural rights
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights entered into force in 1976. The human rights that the Covenant seeks to promote and protect include:
- The right to work in just and favourable conditions;
- The right to social protection, to an adequate standard of living and to the highest attainable standards of physical and mental well-being;
- The right to education and the enjoyment of benefits of cultural freedom and scientific progress.
Civil and political rights
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its First Optional Protocol entered into force in 1976. The Second Optional Protocol was adopted in 1989.
The Covenant deals with such rights as freedom of movement; equality before the law; the right to a fair trial and presumption of innocence; freedom of thought, conscience and religion; freedom of opinion and expression; peaceful assembly; freedom of association; participation in public affairs and elections; and protection of minority rights. It prohibits arbitrary deprivation of life; torture, cruel or degrading treatment or punishment; slavery and forced labour; arbitrary arrest or detention; arbitrary interference with privacy; war propaganda; discrimination; and advocacy of racial or religious hatred.